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Community Health and Demographic Sources (CHADS)

Community Health and Demographic Sources (CHADS)

The following tables provide the name, source, and year(s) of most recent data for descriptive use in population science, clinical, administrative, and educational research. County level data points are described and state level data sources are listed. These descriptive data can be used to help describe the demographic and sociological characteristics of a community, area, or county. Additionally, such data can help describe the overall health, the prevalence of a certain disease or risk factor, the health behaviors, and the availability and quality of health care services of a given area.  This information can then be used for internal description of a hospital’s or public health department’s service area, external use for grant application or manuscript preparation, and other uses. County level data listings are organized by topic while broader geographic designations are listed by source. These sources are hyperlinked throughout the document. This source listing is intended to be detailed and Illinois focused, but is not exhaustive or comprehensive.

For assistance in accessing and utilizing this data, please contact:

Albert Botchway, PhD: abothcway@siumed.edu (217) 545-3611

Steven Scaife, MS: sscaife@siumed.edu (217) 545-6949

 County Level Data Topics and Sources:

Basic Demographics:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Population

 

 

US Census Bureau

(American Community Survey)

 

 

 

2008-2012

Age (e.g. Under 18, Above 65 etc)

Race (e.g. white, black, Hispanic, Asian, etc)

Education (e.g. less than high school, high school, college, etc)

Veteran Status

Disability Status

Median Household Income

 

Social Determinants of Health:

Data Source Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Health Insurance Status

US Census Bureau

 (Small Area Health Insurance Estimates)

2012

Poverty Level

US Census Bureau (American Community Survey)

2008-2012

Children Living in Poverty

US Census Bureau (American Community Survey)

2008-2012

Food Insecurity Rate

Feeding America

2011

Child Food Insecurity Rate

Feeding America

2011

Households Receiving SNAP benefits

US Census Bureau

(American Community Survey)

2008-2012

 

Access to Care:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Usual Provider

BRFSS

2007-2009

Primary Care Physicians

Area Health Resource File

2011

Dentists

Area Health Resource File

2011

Mental Health Providers

CMS, National Provider Identification

2013

Physician Assistants/Certified Nurse Practitioners

Area Health Resource File

2011

Specialists (OB/GYN, GI, Oncology, etc)

Area Health Resource File

2011

 

Clinical Care:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Preventable Hospital Stays

Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care

2011

Per Beneficiary Costs by # of Chronic Conditions

Medicare

2012

% Hospital Readmissions by # of Chronic Conditions

Medicare

2012

ED visits by # of Chronic Conditions

Medicare

2012

Outpatient Reimbursements per Enrollee

Medicare

2012

Hospital/Skilled Nursing Facility Reimbursements per Enrollee

Medicare

2012

Physician Reimbursement per Enrollee

Medicare

2012

Total Medicare Reimbursement per Enrollee

Medicare

2012

Hospitalization Rate (Acute)-specific indications available

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY (discharge data)

2009-2010

Hospitalization Rate (Chronic)- specific indications available

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY (discharge data)

2009-2010

 

Behavioral Factors:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Obesity

 

BRFSS

 

 

2007-2009

 

Smoking

Fruit/Veggie Intake

Physical Inactivity

Low Income Child Obesity

USDA Food Atlas

2008-2011

 

Social Factors:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Children in Single Parent Homes

US Census Bureau

 (American Community Survey)

2008-2012

Violent Crime Rate

Uniform Crime Reporting - FBI

2009-2011

 

Chronic Disease:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Diabetes Prevalence

Diabetes Interactive Atlas

Medicare

2010

2007-2011

High Cholesterol Prevalence

BRFSS

Medicare

2007-2009

2012

Hypertension Prevalence

BRFSS

Medicare

2007-2009

2012

COPD Prevalence

Medicare

2007-2011

Asthma Prevalence

BRFSS

Medicare

2007-2009

2007-2011

Ischemic Heart Disease Prevalence

Medicare

2012

Arthritis Prevalence

Medicare

2012

 

Cancer:*

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

All Cancer Incidence

 

Illinois State Cancer Registry

 

2006-2010

 

Lung Cancer Incidence

Colorectal Cancer Incidence

Breast Cancer Incidence

Prostate Cancer Incidence

*Incidence rates available for other less common cancers as well, if desired

 

Mortality:*

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

All Cancer Mortality

 

 

 

 

National Center for Health Statistics

(via SEER *stat)

 

 

 

 

 

2006-2010

 

Lung  Cancer Mortality

Colorectal Cancer Mortality

Breast Cancer Mortality

Prostate Cancer Mortality

Heart Disease Mortality

Cerebrovascular Disease Mortality

COPD Mortality

Alzheimer’s Mortality

Injury Mortality

CDC WONDER mortality data

2006-2010

*Mortality rates available for other cancers/causes of death as well, if desired

Screening Behaviors:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Diabetic Screening

Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care (via County Health Rankings)

2011

Mammography Screening

Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care (via County Health Rankings)

BRFSS

2011

 

2007-2009

Colorectal Cancer Screening

BRFSS

2007-2009

Pap Smear

BRFSS

2007-2009

 

Mental Health/Substance Use:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Depression Prevalence

Medicare

2012

Suicide and Self-Inflicted Injury

National Center for Health Statistics

(via SEER*stat)

2007-2011

Excessive Drinking

BRFSS (via County Health Rankings)

2006-2012

Mentally Unhealthy Days

BRFSS (via County Health Rankings)

2006-2012

Hospitalizations for non-medical drug use/drug related

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

2008-2010

Adults at Risk for Acute/Chronic Drinking

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY (BRFSS)

2007-2009

 

Maternal and Infant Health:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Fertility

Census Bureau (American Community Survey)

2008-2012

Infant Mortality

Health Indicators Warehouse

2002-2008

Low Birthweight

National Center for Health Statistics

2005-2011

Gestational age

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

2008

Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

1999-2009

Infants Born to Mothers who Smoke

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

2008

Infants Born to Mothers who Drink

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

2008

Mothers who received inadequate care during pregnancy (Kotelchuck/Kessner)

Illinois Department of Public Health IQUERY

2008

Teen Births

National Center for Health Statistics

2005-2011

 

Immunizations:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Flu Shot (Last 12 months)

BRFSS (Illinois only)

2007-2009

 

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Other Infection Diseases:

Data Source Year(s) of Most Recent Data

HIV prevalence rate

Illinois Department of Public Health

2011

Chlamydia rate

National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (via the County Health Rankings)

2011

Tuberculosis Cases

Illinois Department of Public Health

2013

 

Environmental Factors:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Population potentially exposed to water exceeding violation limits

Safe Drinking Water Information System (EPA)

FY2012-FY2013

Average daily measure of fine particulate matter

CDC WONDER Environmental data

2011

 

Built Environment:

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Food Environment Index (Food choices, health and well-being)

USDA Food Environment Atlas

2010

Access to Exercise Opportunities

OneSource Global Business Browser, Delorme map data, ESRI, & US Census Tigerline Files (via County Health Rankings-2014)

2010 and 2012

Access and Proximity to Grocery Stores

USDA Food Environment Atlas

2010

 

Rurality:*

Data

Source

Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Rural Urban Continuum Codes

USDA

2013

Rural Urban Community Area Codes

USDA

2010

Urban Influence Codes

USDA

2013

Frontier and Remote Area Codes

USDA

2000

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area

US Census Bureau

2013

Rural Urban Classification

US Census Bureau

2010

*some measures may have geographic refinement smaller than the county level

 

Other County Level Data Sources:

Data Source Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Health Outcomes and Factors

County Health Rankings

2014

Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Prevalence, and Trends

NCI

2010

Illinois Hospital Report Cards

IDPH

2011

Illinois State Cancer Registry (Incidence and Staging)

IDPH

2011

Vital and Disease Statistics

IDPH

Dependent upon Data Point

Health Indicators Warehouse (disease, conditions, health behavior, and demographic indicators)

NCHS

Dependent upon Data Point

GIS-based Data to Describe the Characteristics and Health of Communities

Community Commons

Dependent upon Data Point

Public Health Data on Chronic Conditions, Health Practice and Prevention, Infectious Disease, Environmental Health, Occupational Health,  and Injury Prevention

CDC Wonder

Dependent upon Data Point

National Healthcare Workforce Portal

National Center for the Analysis of Healthcare Data

Dependent upon Data Point

Atlas of Rural and Small Town America (demographics, employment, agriculture, income, veterans)

USDA

Dependent upon Data Point

Health Landscapes (mapping of health facilities, status, insurance, employment, income, etc)

AAFP

Dependent upon Data Point

Illinois Youth Survey (youth behaviors)

Center for Prevention Research and Development

2010, 2012 (Dependent on County)

Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke

CDC

Dependent upon Data Point

Kids Count Data Center ( demographics, economics, education, family, and health indicators)

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Dependent upon Data Point

Measure of America Maps

Social Science Research Council

Dependent upon Data Point (2011-2012 and 2013-2014 datasets available)

National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Dependent upon Data Point

 

State-Level Descriptive Data Sources:

Data Source Year(s) of Most Recent Data

Health Indicators Related to Heart Disease and Prevention

Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

2009-2010

State Scorecard

Commonwealth Fund

2014

State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System

CDC

2014

National Asthma Control Programs State Profiles

CDC

2011

Annual  School Assessment Reports—Vaccines

CDC

2011-2012

National Oral Health Surveillance System

CDC

Dependent upon Data Point

Disability and Health Data System

CDC

2011

National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention

CDC

2010

National Diabetes Surveillance System

CDC

Dependent upon Data Point

Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

IDPH

2012

Cancer in Illinois Statistics

IDPH

2011

IQUERY (Health Indicators—various epidemiological and clinical indicators)

IDPH

Dependent upon Data Point

Health Indicators Warehouse (disease, conditions, health behavior, and demographic indicators)

NCHS

Dependent upon Data Point

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Estimates

SAMHSA

2010-2011

Health Care Quality Information

AHRQ

2014

Public Health Data on Chronic Conditions, Health Practice and Prevention, Infectious Disease, Environmental Health, Occupational Health,  and Injury Prevention

CDC Wonder

Dependent upon Data Point

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System

CPONDER

2011

Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health

CAHMI

Dependent on Survey

Health Landscapes (mapping of health facilities, status, insurance, employment, income, etc)

AAFP

Dependent on Data Point

Medicare (demographic, disease prevalence, spending, utilization, and quality indicators)

CMS

2012

Illinois Youth Survey (youth behaviors)

Center for Prevention Research and Development

2012

State Health Facts

Kaiser Family Foundation

2012

Interactive Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke

CDC

Dependent upon Data Point

Kids Count Data Center ( demographics, economics, education, family, and health indicators)

Annie E. Casey Foundation

Dependent upon Data Point

Measure of America Maps

Social Science Research Council

Dependent upon Data Point (2011-2012 and 2013-2014 datasets available)

National Center for Veterans Analysis and Statistics

US Department of Veterans Affairs

Dependent upon Data Point