Behavioral and Social Sciences
Gastrointestinal – medical, physiological, different diseases, etc.:
Once upon a time there was a Doonesbury cartoon that noted the 2 biggest current fads in America were 1) cooking and 2) dieting. That contradictory pairing has not changed in the 2 decades since the cartoon was published. Note the expansion of cooking magazines, The Food Network, and fast food and the concomitant increase in the number and types of diets. They are too numerous to list here (a popular search engine just returned 481,000,000 hits for "diet", or more than 1 for every person in the US), so I have put just a few on this list.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Colon and Rectal Cancers
Celiac Disease and “to gluten or not to gluten”
Vegan/Vegetarian (and yes, we know those are not diseases!)
Can being a vegetarian make you healthy? Sure. Can it make you sick? Sometimes. While a healthy choice when done well, physicians report patients who have “gone vegetarian” or “gone vegan” without doing their homework on what makes a balanced diet. The water gets pretty murky here, and each person needs to make their own educated choices!
Nutrition and Diets
Paleo? Vegan? Nordic? Vegetarian? Mediterranean? Fruitarian? Pescetarian? Kangatarian? Flexitarian? Western? Detox? DASH? Ketogenic? There are advocates for all of these diets and a thousand more! This topic is far too big to search and then summarize for a site like this. So here’s just a few places to start:
- Celiac Disease and Gluten-free Diet Support: http://www.celiac.com/index.html
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome – what can you eat? What causes problems? http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/digestive-diseases/irritable-bowel-syndrome/Pages/eating-diet-nutrition.aspx
- One of the long-standing weight loss groups - Weight Watchers: http://www.weightwatchers.com/index.aspx
- DASH [Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension] Diet – originally designed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Search among hundreds of pages that discuss the diet and its recipes in detail, but you could start here: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/dash or here: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/dash-diet/art-20048456
Be aware that there are a number of DASH books and web pages written by fans, some are more scientific than others!
- National Agricultural Library at USDA. Videos, recipes, ideas, multi-lingual: http://www.nutrition.gov
- Harvard School of Public Health, The Nutrition Source. Many, many topics from coffee consumption to sustainable eating to sorting out different types of proteins to beneficial vs. harmful fats. Lots of recipes. Well documented and well written: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/
- Harvard’s Healthy Eating Pyramid vs. Healthy Eating Plate: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/pyramid-full-story/ and http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/healthy-eating-plate/
- American Society for Nutrition: http://www.nutrition.org
- MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine at NIH: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/nutrition.html
- CDC Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity & Obesity. You might think that the CDC is the old, staid, bastion of numbers, numbers and more numbers for public health. And they are….but here they also branch out into such diverse topics as “Mall Walking: A Program Resource Guide” and badges, buttons and posters to get more salad bars into schools: http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/
- And if you have any doubts about their efforts to teach public health, spread of disease, or health education to all ages, esp. to schools, then you need to read their Zombie Apocalypse data pages. Seriously: http://www.cdc.gov/phpr/zombies.htm
This public health effort was so extensive it even reached the House of Parliament in Canada: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ueBZuZAoglE
But we digress……..
- Tufts University Nutrition Navigator. This site is not being updated anymore, but still contains some valuable information: http://navigator.tufts.edu
- To be fair, many cooking sites discuss healthy ways to cook. See, for example, the Food Network has a huge division of their website devoted to “Healthy Eats”, which includes Healthy Tips, Chefs and Restaurants, Healthy Eats Home and Healthy Recipes. The “chefs and restaurants” page discusses different foods available when you dine out, esp. choices you can make: http://blog.foodnetwork.com/healthyeats/
- They run a blog called “Nutrition News”: http://blog.foodnetwork.com/healthyeats/2015/09/25/nutrition-news-fast-food-kids-vegetable-supply-plate-size-matters/
- Kidney diet tips: http://www.davita.com/kidney-disease/diet-and-nutrition
- Ok, you say, so I’m trying to lower my gluten but I really love a beer now and then……here’s some good news – gluten-free beer! http://www.bonappetit.com/drinks/beer/slideshow/10-gluten-free-beers-that-actually-taste-good/?slide=1