Female Treatment Options
Female Anatomy Problems
Problems with the fallopian tubes, uterus or cervix require immediate attention. After diagnosing the problem by using hysteroscopy ( a close visual examination of the uterus) or imaging procedures including ultrasound (the use of sound waves to see the ovaries and uterus) and hysterosalpingogram (HSG, an x-ray technique which uses dye injected into the uterus to see if it is normal and if the tubes are open), fertility specialists may perform a laparoscopy (minimally invasive surgery) to correct the anatomic problems, or robotic surgery for more complex cases. This type of surgery results in less scarring, less time away from daily activites, and shorten the amount of time it takes to recover.
Infertility can be related to problems with ovulation, commonly caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), excessive weight gain or loss, age, excessive exercise and extreme emotional stress. Medications are available to stimulate ovulation.
Patients at times decide to have their fallopian tubes tied as a form of permanent contraception. Occasionally, couples that have undergone this procedure change their mind and would like to have more children. A tubal reversal procedure allows the removal of the blockage from the fallopian tube and reopen the tube to allow for the egg and sperm to meet in a natural way. This surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis and can sometimes be done with minimally invasive techniques including robotic surgery, which allows physicians to place the tubes together with greater precision, less blood loss and a quicker recovery.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI, or Artificial Insemination)
Intrauterine insemination is a simple, painless nonsurgical office procedure in which sperm from the male partner is placed inside the woman’s uterus. Patients can resume normal activities immediately following the procedure.