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Recommended Resources

Year One - 2019-2020

Students: This list contains textbooks recommended by faculty. You are not required to purchase any of these texts. We strongly recommend that you use library copies of any resources before making purchases. Books are listed in the order provided by faculty. Approximate prices are noted. Please note that many of these texts are available in electronic as well as paper versions. Be sure you read the publisher's description thoroughly, however, as some electronic versions require a full-price renewal after 12 or 24 months.

Year-Long Curriculum Resources


  • Ear - Approximately 3 times life size. Pinna, external ear canal, tympanum, auditory ossicles, Eustachian tube, vestibular apparatus, and cochlea are shown in detail along with neural, osseous, and vascular structures. The middle and inner ear components are removable for individual examination.
  • Esophagus - Life-size model showing illnesses of the esophagus from the frontal section, to the upper part of the stomach, back of the esophagus, diaghragm and stomach.
  • Larynx - Approximately 2 times life size. The medially sectioned larynx model shows the larynx, hyoid bone, windpipe, ligaments, muscles, vessels and nerves. The thyroid gland, thyroid cartilage, 2 muscles and 2 thyroid gland halves are removable from larynx.

Slide Sets

  • Carl Zeiss Compound Binocular Microscope
  • Histology Microscopic Slides 1-100

Behavioral & Social Sciences and Population Health & Prevention (PHP)

There is no definitive book on behavioral science in medicine. These books, however, are recommended by the behavioral science faculty because they are a good introduction to the definition of behavioral topics, including physician-patient interactions and PHP. The Sahler and Carr book is almost a combination of Feldman & Christensen and Wedding & Stuber and has more test review questions than the other books. Specific PHP sections are given below. These can be found on
    - Dr. L. DiLalla

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5. 5th edition, 2013. American Psychiatric Publishing.
Essential resource for understanding mental disorders.

Feldman, M. D., & Christensen, J. F. Behavioral Medicine: A Guide for Clinical Practice. 4th edition, 2014. McGraw-Hill.
Great figure on stress and illness. PHP - contains chapters on several topics, e.g., Mistakes in Medical Practice, Smoking, Obesity, Alcohol and Substance Use. Available in Kindle form, on Apple's iTunes, and for the Nook.

Reynolds, R., & Stone, J. On Doctoring. 3rd edition (revised and expanded), 2001. Free Press.
This book will provide you with stories relating to patient-physician interactions and empathy that may be interesting and useful to you. Some PPR readings may be drawn from it, but it will NOT be used as a textbook and no test questions will be drawn from it.

Sahler, O. J., Carr, J.E., Frank, J., & Nunes, J. The Behavioral Sciences and Health Care. 4th edition, 2018. Hogrefe and Huber.
Has several chapters on society and illness and two appendices on eqidemiology and biostatistics. Available in Kindle form, on Apple's iTunes, and for Barnes & Noble's Nook.

Wedding, D., & Stuber, M. Behavior and Medicine. 5th edition, 2010. Hogrefe & Huber.
Excellent source for short, clear explanations of topics such as development, some mental illnesses, death and dying, patient behavior. However, find a different text for description of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) as this edition of Wedding and Stuber predates the current DSM. PHP - the last four chapters of this book form a section on "Social and Cultural Issues in Health Care." Available in Kindle form, on Apple's iTunes, and for Barnes & Nobles' Nook.



  • Stanford Pathways of Human Metabolism

    Stanford Pathways of Human Metabolism is an overview of human metabolism. While not exhaustive, the content was selected to illustrate key metabolic pathways and their interrelationships, including metabolites, enzymes and cofactors that underlie human health and disease.


We recommend that you get a book with good illustrations for personal use and use the comprehensive reference books as needed from the MRC. Please do not use Boron, W. and E. Boulpaep. Medical Physiology: A Cellular and Molecular Approach as a primary biochemistry resource; it may not be appropriate for specific topics.
    - Drs. R. Gupta and E. Niederhoffer.


If you have a background in biochemistry use:

Salway, J. G. Medical Biochemistry at a Glance. 3rd edition, 2012. Wiley-Blackwell.
A good overview with pertinent details and illustrations.

Salway, J. G. Metabolism at a Glance. 4th edition, 2017. Blackwell.
Effective illustrations for learning metabolic pathways. Good overview and pertinent details. The other ... at a Glance books are very good also. Two thumbs up (save for a few errors!)


If you DO NOT have a background in biochemistry use:

Baynes, J. W., & Dominiczak, M. H. Medical Biochemistry. 5th edition, 2019. Saunders.
Good biochemistry textbook with better illustrations.

Lieberman, M., & Marks, A. Marks' Basic Medical Biochimistry: A Clinical Approach. 5th edition, 2018. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Review book.

Meisenberg, G., & Simmons, W. H. Principles of Medical Biochemistry. 4th edition, 2017. Mosby-Yearbook.
Good biochemistry book with better illustrations.


High quality references/board review books:

Devlin, T. Textbook of Biochemistry with Clinical Correlations. 7th edition, 2010. John Wiley & Sons.
Comprehensive reference book.

Ferrier, D. R. Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Biochemistry. 7th edition. 2017. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Review book.

King, M. W. Integrative Medical Biochemistry: Examination and Board Review. 1st edition, 2014. McGraw-Hill.
Review book.

Nelson, D. L., & Cox, M. M. Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry. 7th edition, 2017. W. H. Freeman.
Comprehensive reference book.

Rodwell, V. W. et al. Harper's Illustrated Biochemistry. 31st edition, 2018 (TBP). McGraw-Hill.
Review book.


Cell and Molecular Biology

Boron, W., & Boulpaep E. Medical Physiology: A Cellular and Molecular Approach. 3rd edition, 2017. Saunders.
This book provides a nice introduction to endocrine and reproductive physiology and is a good basic physiology text. An online version is also available.

Karp, G. Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts and Experiments. 8th edition, 2016. John Wiley & Sons.
Comprehensive reference book.


Clinical Medicine

Bickley, L. Bates' Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking. 12th edition, 2017. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Doctoring faculty will use it as a reference for teaching proper techniques. - Dr. C. Anderson.

Billings, J. A. The Clinical Encounter: A Guide to the Medical Interview and Case Presentation. 2nd edition, 1998. Mosby-Yearbook.

Kasper, D. et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 20th edition, 2018 (TBP). Mc-Graw Hill.
The MRC provides an online version (Access Medicine).

Martin, L. All You Really Need to Know to Interpret Arterial Blood Gases. 2nd edition, 1999. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Good method for evaluating acid-base status. Out of print, MRC has 3 copies. - Dr. E. Niederhoffer
Note: The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy is useful as a dictionary, but it lacks the appropriate depth for medical students. - Year One Curriculum Committee



Most embryology textbooks have "undergraduate" versions and "graduate" versions written by the same authors. The latter go into more detail. Below are listed the "graduate" texts, which are most appropriate for medical students. Dr. Clough

Carlson, B. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. 6th edition, 2018. Mosby-Yearbook.
Excellent text, but probably more detail than medical students need to learn. Has a really great companion website. Dr. Clough

Dudek, R.W. & Fix, J. High-Yield Embryology (Board Review Series). 5th edition, 2014. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Good for review, but you cannot depend on this text by itself. Dr. Clough

Moore, K. The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. 10th edition, 2016. Saunders.
Considered by some a "bible" of clinical embryology. This book has extensive clinical discussions and case examples in addition to fundamental embryology. Dr. Clough

Sadler, T.W. Langman's Medical Embryology. 14th edition, 2018 (TBP). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Though not as complete as Moore and Persaud, this is a concise but efficient text that covers the main points and has good illustrations. This book also contains (like the others) good descriptions of many congenital anomalies and clinical correlates and includes current knowledge of molecular embryology (genetic regulation and signaling). It comes with a CD ("Simbryo") with really good, labeled animations of embryological development. Dr. Clough

Schoenwolf, G.C. Larsen's Human Embryology. 5th edition, 2015. Churchill Livingstone.
Also considered by some a "bible" of clinical embryology.  Like Moore's, this book has extensive clinical discussions and case examples as well as extensive entries referred to as "in the research lab" where current research on various topics is discussed.  It has a companion website with animations and self-review questions. Dr. Clough



Jorde, L. et al. Medical Genetics. 5th edition, 2016. Mosby-Yearbook.
A nice website is available for this text, which includes 150 USMLE-style questions:

Nussbaum, R. Thompson and Thompson Genetics in Medicine. 8th edition, 2016. Saunders.
There is also a Kindle version. This is an excellent genetics texxtbook for medical students. It covers the basic principles of genetics and has a set of 29 clinical cases with color pictures.


Gross Anatomy

Note: there are two basic types of resources here: Anatomy Textbooks that contain mostly drawings and descriptions, medical imaging, clinical correlations, tables of information, etc.; and Anatomy Atlases that contain either labeled photographs of cadaver dissections or artist renditions of the same.  They also contain lots of medical imaging.  An atlas is very useful in the dissection lab when trying to find structures or learn spatial relationships. -Dr. Clough

Drake, R. et al. Gray's Anatomy for Students. 4th edition, 2019. Churchill Livingstone.
Ths is the "Americanized" version of the historically popular British "Gray's Anatomy" - mentioned below.  Drake's version is a comprehensive text and will serve for the future as well as the present.  This text has excellent artwork and numerous (and very helpful) summary tables.  Additionally, this text has excellent Clinical Correlations, Surface Anatomy, Medical Imaging, and example case studies.- Dr. Clough

Moore, K. et al. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 8th edition, 2018. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
This is also a very comprehensive text and will serve for the future as well as the present. This text has excellent artwork and numerous (and very helpful) summary tables. Additionally, this text has excellent Clinical Correlation, Surface Anatomy, Medical Imaging, and example case studies. - Dr. R. Clough

Moore, K. et al. Essential Clinical Anatomy. 5th edition, 2015. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
This is an abbreviated version of Moore's Clinically Oriented Anatomy at a better price and is quite sufficient for learning fundamental and clinical anatomy.  It includes imaging studies and a wide variety of clinical correlates. - Dr. Clough

Moses, K. et al. Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy. 2nd edition, 2013. Mosby-Yearbook.
A packaged set of Drake and Moses may be available with a 10% discount. This is an excellent atlas with full-color photographs of actual cadaver dissections, several diagrams, and imagining plates. This atlas is similar to the atlas by Rohen et al. (below) and both are excellent. This book has 612 pages. - Dr. R. Clough

Netter, F. Atlas of Human Anatomy. 7th edition, 2019. Saunders.
This is an artful and excellent atlas, one of several (but Dr. Frank Netter is perhaps the most famous of contemporary physician-anatomist illustrators, although he has recently passed away). This atlas depicts artful renditions (rather than actual cadaveric dissections) of human anatomy and as such does an exquisite job! Preference of artful versus photographic depictions of human anatomy (regarding an atlas to purchase) is entirely personal and I personally do not favor one over the other. The Netter atlas has 547 plates. - Dr. Clough

Rohen, J. Anatomy: A Photographic Atlas. 8th edition, 2016. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
This atlas also features full-color photographs of actual cadaver dissections, with accompanying schematic drawings and diagnostic images. As with the Moses atlas, the photographs depict anatomic structures more realistically than illustrations in rendition (artful) atlases and show students exactly what they will see in the dissection lab. Chapters are organized by region in order of a typical dissection. Each chapter presents structures both in a systemic manner from deep to surface, an in a regional manner. This book has 532 pages. - Dr. Clough

Snell, R. Clinical Anatomy by Regions. 10th edition, 2019 (TBP). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
This is yet another comprehensive text and will serve for the future as well as the present.  This text has excellent artwork and numerous (and very helpful) summary tables.  Additionally, this text has excellent Clinical Correlations, Surface Anatomy, Medical Imaging, and example case studies. -Dr. Clough

Standring, S. Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. 41th edition, 2016. Churchill Livingstone.
This IS the highly celebrated text and reference known more simply as "Gray's Anatomy" (or British Gray's). With a rich history and several previous editions, this text is widely regarded as the bible of Anatomy and represents perhaps the foremost authority on the subject of human anatomy. The book has 1,627 pages (Moore's by comparison has 1,208 and Drake's 1,058). - Dr. Clough


General Note: A third type of anatomy resource you may come across is called a "dissector".  There are several out there and they provide some instruction on "how to dissect" i.e. where to make incisions etc.  There are several approaches to different dissections and there is no universally accepted approach or method.  Accordingly, we tend to provide this information to you in dissection guides we have developed.  Nonetheless, there are several dissectors out there that you could investigate if you want, but it is not essential that each student buy one. Having one around during lab can be helpful, however, especially when faculty are preoccupied with other groups. Accordingly, there are a few of these in the lab for occasional use - Dr. Clough


Each student should have access to an introductory text/atlas, such as one of the following.
    - Dr. J. Cheatwood

Kierszenbaum, A. Histology and Cell Biology: An Introduction to Pathology. 4th edition, 2016. Saunders.
Includes extensive correlates with biochemistry, cell biology, and pathology. Paperback comes with access to digital copy. Digital editions (i.e., Kindle) available.

Mescher, A. Junqueira's Basic Histology: Text and Atlas. 15th edition, 2018 (TBP). McGraw-Hill.
This is one of the best histology texts/atlases currently on the market. Print book includes a CD resource with images. Digital edition (i.e., Kindle) avalable. Dr. Cheatwood prefers this text and uses it as his primary resource. Purchase is highly recommended.

Pawlina, W. Histology: A Text and Atlas with Correlated Cell and Molecular Biology. 8th edition, 2019 (TBP). Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Digital editions (i.e., Kindle) available.



Hark, L. et al. Medical Nutrition and Disease: A Case-Based Approach. 5th edition, 2014. Wiley-Blackwell.
Good overview and clinical information. - Drs. R. Gupta and E. Niederhoffer

Nelms, M.,Sucher, K., & Long, S. Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology. 2nd edition, 2011. Wadsworth.
This book has good online reviews. I've been using it and think it is very good. Out of print, the MRC has 1 copy. - Dr. D. Zaczek

Sardesai, V. M. Introduction to Clinical Nutrition. 3rd edition, 2012. CRC Press.
Good information, more biochemistry aspects of nutrition, some errors were noted in structures of molecules. - Drs. R. Gupta and E. Niederhoffer


These recommendations are made by Drs. Greg Rose and Amber Pond. All prices are from

Katzung, B., & Trevor, A. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology. 14th edition, 2018. McGraw-Hill.
A pdf version of the 12th edition of this text book is available online: (

Rang, H. et al. Rang and Dale's Pharmacology 9th edition, 2019. Churchill Livingstone.

Wecker, L. et al. Human Pharmacology: Molecular to Clinical. 6th edition, 2018 (TBP). Mosby.

Whalen, K. et al. Lippincott's Illustrated Reviews: Pharmacology. 7th edition, 2019 (TBP). Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Cardiovascular/Respiratory/Renal (CRR) Unit

Elective Clinical Experiences
Details available on the doctoring course.

    Observing cardiac catheterizations
    Observing imaging (x-rays, ultrasounds, Cts, MRIs, etc.) at Cedar Court Imaging
    Observing nuclear medical tests (V/Q tests, lung scans, heart scans, etc.) at Memorial Hospital
    Observing surgeries at loical hospitals



  • Kidney with upper abdominal organs - This model has the rear organs of the upper abdomen combined with the kidney, depicting the anatomy of the human urinary system and digestive system. The upper abdominal organs are attached in their natural anatomical positions and are removable from the kidneys.
  • Kidney with adrenal gland - This model shows the kidney with adrenal gland, renal and adrenal vessels of the kidney, and the upper portion of ureter. The front half of the kidney is removable to enable demonstration of cortex medulla and vessels for teaching about the human kidney.
  • Kidney stone - This model shows the opened right kidney in natural size. The renal calices, the renal pelvis and the ureter are opened as well on the anatomy model so that concretions or stones can be identified within the kidney.
  • Heart - Anatomical detail of the entire heart. The front heart wall is detachable to reveal the chambers and valves inside.
  • Right lung - This full size cut-away of the right side of lung shows bronchus, arteries, vein, two lymph nodes, bronchial passages and trachea bifurcation.


Slide Sets

  •  Jamal Johnson histology slides (in MRC)
  •  CRR SAQ Slides 1-9 (in MRC)


Swan-Ganz catheter, labelled (in MRC)
A style of oximetry catheter used during pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC).


Cardiovascular Physiology
With the exception of Katz, the texts listed here should probably be purchased and read extensively as they are very nice review for the Year 1 material and later on for boards.
    -Dr. J. MacLean

Katz, A. Physiology of the Heart. 5th edition, 2011. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.
While I use this text for some resource sessions, I recommend borrowing this from the MRC when you need in-depth analysis. It is pretty molecular biology-laden and probably too rigorous for Year 1 students' needs.

Lilly, L. S. Pathophysiology of Heart Disease: A Collaborative Project of Medical Students and Faculty. 6th edition, 2016. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

Mohrman, D. E., & Heller, L. J. Cardiovascular Physiology. 9th edition, 2018 (TBP). McGraw-Hill

Pappano, A. Cardiovascular Physiology. 11th edition, 2018. Mosby.

Raff, H. Medical Physiology: A Systems Approach 1st edition, 2011. McGraw-Hill (Lange Series)

Note: The Mohrman and Heller monograph is included as a chapter (with nearly exact text, but figures updated in multiple colors) in LANGE's (Raff's Medical Physiology: A Systems Approach, which can be purchased for about the same cost as 2 monographs (i.e., Vander's Reval Physiology is also a chapter). Thus, if you're interested in a normal sized, more comprehensive textbook it's a good one for ease of reading and quick review of many subjects in addition to cardiovascular physiology. However, if you're made of money, buy all the individual books because they're easier to carry around when you just want to focus on one subject at a time. - Dr. J. MacLean


Renal Physiology

Eaton, D. C., & Pooler, J. P. Vander's Renal Physiology. 9th edition, 2018. McGraw-Hill.
Beautifully written renal physiology, originally written by Vander, and recently updated. Very little clinical application, but an excellent source for the basic science. - Dr. A. Strader

Rose, B. Clinical Physiology of Acid-Base and Electrolyte Disorders. 5th edition, 2001. McGraw-Hill.
Very detailed with strong clinical emphasis; enough renal physiology to carry you through Internal Medicine boards. - Dr. A. Strader NOTE: The 7th edition is due January 2017.


Respiratory Physiology

Criner, G. J., & D'Alonzo, G. E. Pulmonary Pathophysiology. 1st edition, 1999. Fence Creek.
Lots of detail so use only as a reference. Good review questions. Although this book is out of print, the MRC has three copies. Used copies may be available on Amazon. - Dr. B. Bany

Levitsky, M. G. Pulmonary Physiology. 9th edition, 2018. McGraw-Hill.
Not quite thte lineage of West, but some do find it easier to read. - Dr. B. Bany

West, J. B. Pulmonary Pathophysiology: The Essentials 9th edition, updated 2017. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
A decent source of information about the disruptions caused by various diseases. - Dr. B. Bany

West, J. B. Respiratory Physiology: The Essentials. 10th edition, 2016. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Almost the bible for basic repiratory physiology for first-year medical students. - Dr. B. Bany


Neural, Muscular, and Behavioral (NMB) Unit

Elective Clinical Experiences (local clinics/hospital, psychiatry/rehab, surgeries, etc.)
Details available on the doctoring course.



  • Behavioral and Social Sciences Resource Links


  • Skull - This medical quality human skull replica is for basic anatomical studies of the skull. Representation of the fissures, foramina, processes, sutures. Can be disassembled into skull cap, base of skull and mandible.
  • Skull & brain - The 3 part human skull replica is for basic anatomical studies of the skull. This skull model includes an anatomical brain. Representation of the fissures, foramina, processes, sutures. Can be disassembled into skull cap, base of skull and brain.
  • Brain with arteries - Detailed model of the human brain, incorporates markings illstrating arteries and cranial nerves. 8 parts: 4 cerebrum parts (right and left upper part, right and left lower part), brain stem halves, and cerebellum halves.
  • Brain - Replica of a human brain with multiple views. Seperates into 3 parts: right hemisphere of the brain, upper part of left hemisphere, and lower part of left hemisphere.
  • NeuroVascular skull - Life size model with removable skull cap and seven cervical vertebrae mounted on a stand. Arteries are shown on one side and nerves on the other. Removing the skull cap exposes the main nerves and arteries on the floor of the cranium. The 12 cranial nerves and the distribution of their branches are shown.


Central brain

Slide Sets

  •     NMB slides Lab 3



Arslan, O. Neuroanatomical Basis of Clinical Neurology. 2nd edition, 2015. CRC Press Publications.
This book deftly weaves neuroscience/neuroanatomy with clinical neurology (as the title suggests). This book is an excellent book for the student who learns well by "reading." It is a much more text-oriented book than the others, and it is jam packed with clinical correlates (perhaps similar to the Moore anatomy text, except it is neuro). Though it has taken some readings, I have developed considerable respect for this textbook. - Dr. Clough

Blumenfeld, H. Neuroanatomy Through Clinical Cases. 2nd edition, 2010. Sinauer Associates, Inc.
This text is highly recommended and sidely used in medical schools. This is an excellent and current textbook that weaves clinical neurology with basic neuroanatomy very effectively. It contains abundant, well prepared figures along with several examples of neuroimaging. Additionally, it contains abudant clinical case scenarios and descriptions that are very useful in our curriculum. I have found this textbook to be one of the best newer texts I have seen. It is reasonably priced and comes with a FREE 2-year subscription to the interactive eBook. - Dr. Clough

Haines, D. Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications. 5th edition, 2018. Saunders.
This book is also an excellent and current textbook. The figures and diagrams are extremely helpful, and the visual learner will readily appreciate them. This book does not offer clinical cases, but it does treat certain topics with more depth than the Blumenfeld book. This book is a most excellent source for neuroscience and neuronatomy. - Dr. Clough

Kandel, E.R., Schwartz, J.H., Jessell, T.M., Siegelbaum, S.A., & Hudspeth, A.J. Principles of Neural Science. 5th edition, 2013. McGraw-Hill.
If you have some background already, this book will probably serve you well. It is a little detail oriented, but students have reported using this book to study for boards in the 2nd year and to review during the 3rd year clerkships. There are used copies available in Carbondale because the book is also used in neuroscience courses elsewhere on campus. - Dr. Clough

Matthews, G. Neurobiology: Molecules, Cells and Systems. 2nd edition, 2001. Blackwell Publishing.
There are many useful neuro texts on the market, and we suggest you review some of them before making any purchases. The books we suggest here target very distinct experience levels. If you have little or no background in the neurosciences, neurobiology, or neuroanatomy, we recommend this book as a starting point. This book is out of print. The MRC has five copies, and it is still available from Amazon. - Dr. Clough

Purves, D. et al. Neuroscience. 6th edition, 2018. Sinauer Associates.
This is an excellent neuro text developed by a host of well-known neuroscientists. The book is excellent for both neurophysiology and neuroanatomy. Numerous previous versions may be available. I use this book frequently. - Dr. Clough


Clinical Neuroscience/Neurology:

Goetz, C. Textbook of Clinical Neurology. 3rd edition, 2007. W. B. Saunders.

Ropper, A. Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology. 11th edition, 2019. McGraw-Hill.


Both of these are excellent neurology texts, although they are different and not always in agreement, may be very useful for your future studies in neurology. It is (perhaps) not necessary for you to purchase these books unless you have a future interest in neurology. Adams and Victor's text provides the basis for the Clinical Neuro exams used in our curriculum.  These are excellent occasional use texts. ~Dr. Clough


Endocrine/Reproduction/Gastrointestinal (ERG) Unit

Elective Clinical Experiences
Details available on the doctoring course.

    Neonatal experiences at Memorial Hospital
    Observing imaging (x-rays, ultrasounds, CTs, MRIs, etc.)
    Observing a delivery
    Observing surgeries at local hospitals


  • Rectum - 1-1/2 times life size model displaying ulcerative colitis, internal and external fistula, internal and external hemorrhoids, annular cancer, sessile polyp, submucosal abscess, skin tag, pedunculated polyp, supralevator abscess, ischiorectal abscess, cryptitis, diverticulum, condyloma acuminatum, fissure and condyloma latum.
  • Colon - Model with cut-away view illustrating the following common pathologies: adhesions, appendicitis, bacterial infection, cancer, Crohn’s disease, diverticulitis, diverticulosis, polyps, spastic colon, and ulcerative colitis.
  • Uterus-Ovary - Full size cross-section model illustrates multiple pathologies, some of which include: adhesions, carcinoma in four common areas, cysts, endometriosis, fibroids, pedunculated fibroid tumor, polyps and salpingitis.
  • Female pelvis - Life size model, illustrates an open dissection through the median sagittal section of the pelvis. Internal structures of the female urogenital system are depicted. Disects into 3 parts: removable half of the female reproductive system with the uterus opened to reveal medial and transverse sectional views.
  • Male pelvis - Life size model, Illustrates an open view through a median sagittal section of the pelvis. Internal structures of the male urogeniatl system are depicted. Disects into 4 parts: removable sections include a half penis divided into medial and transverse sections, and half of the male reproductive system with an open dissection of a testis showing details of the internal structure.

Slide Sets

  •  ERG-SAQ Slides 1-24


Endocrine/Reproductive Physiology


Gardner, D., & Shoback, D. Greenspan's Basic and Clinical Endocrinology. 10th edition, 2018. McGraw-Hill.
This has been a popular book with students in previous classes and has good clinical endocrinology; sometimes sketchy on basic science detail.

Goodman, M.H. Basic Medical Endocrinology. 4th edition, 2009. Academic Press.
Also available as an eBook. Up-to-date and easy to use as a reference, with excellent illustrations. Covers basic molecular and cellular aspects of endocrine physiology, with little clinical content. - Dr. D. Hales.

Kovacs, W., & Ojeda, S. Textbook of Endocrine Physiology. 6th edition, 2012. Oxford University Press, Inc.
Faculty like the up-to-date and easy-to-read basic science depth of this text, but it is not as clinically-oriented as some of the other textbooks.

Melmed, S. Williams' Textbook of Endocrinology. 13th edition, 2016. Saunders.
This is the "Bible of Endocrinology." Excellent depth in basic and clinical endorinology, but a diffcult read. Instead of purchasing, consider using MRC copies for specific hard-to-find topics.

Strauss, J., & Barbieri, R. Yen and Jaffe's Reproductive Endocrinology: Physiology, Pathophysiology and Clinical Management. 8th edition, 2019. Saunders.
Outstanding, up-to-date coverage that encompasses the full spectrum of reproductive pathophysiology and disorders, from pregnancy and birth to reproductive aging. Full-color illustrations and new drawings provide a real-life depiction of basic cell structures and endocrine responses for a better understanding of the material -Dr. D. Hales.

White, B. Endocrine and Reproductive Physiology. 5th edition, 2018. Mosby.
This book provides a good, concise overview of endocrine physiology in health and desease, and includes relevant self-study questions. Sometimes lacks detail, but overall a good basic book that also includes clinical endocrinology situations.


General Note: Some general physiology texts such as Ganong Review of Medical Physiology present a good overview of endocrine physiology and would be a good place to start, but the basic science detail is lacking (and sometimes incorrect) and one of the more indepth texts above is recommended to supplement any review book.


Gastrointestinal Physiology

Barrett, K. Gastrointestinal Physiology. (Lange Physiology Series) 2nd edition, 2014. McGraw-Hill.
I like this textbook a lot and would rank it equally as effective as Johnson. - Dr. D. Zaczek

Johnson, L. Gastrointestinal Physiology. 9th edition, 2018. Mosby.
This is an excellent monograph for learning the essentials of GI phsiology. - Dr. D. Zaczek

Rose, S. Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Pathophysiology. 2nd edition, 2004. Hayes Barton.

A Note about Used Textbooks and offer used texts at discouted prices. Sometimes upperclassmen are interested in selling their used texts; the Office of Student Affairs coordinates this.