Research Research & Quality Curriculum

Research is an important aspect of residency training. The ability to develop a focused research question, review past literature on the subject, structure a protocol for data collection, and evaluate the results of a study, are skills that help advance one's understanding of their field. Quality improvement is a practical application of the research method used to improve patient care and outcomes. Involvement in quality improvement projects is not only required for continued board certification, but is also an important aspect of emergency department operations and administration. Here at SIU we believe strong experiences in both research and quality are important in training future leaders and educators in the field of emergency medicine. Below are some of the highlights of how research and quality improvement are integrated into our residency program.


There are many opportunities for research involvement during residency training. With faculty interests including medical education, simulation, ultrasound, rural medicine, emergency department utilization, quality improvement, trauma, critical care, and pediatrics to name a few, mentorship in research is more than available. Our core curriculum includes journal clubs, didactics, and small group sessions overviewing hot to write case reports, clinical statistics, and manuscript appraisals. Resources and mentorship from members of the university's Center for Clinical Research are also available to aid in study design, IRB proposals, design implementation, and data analysis. Goals for our residents are for involvement in the production of a manuscript during their tenure with the program as well as abstract presentations at regional and national academic conferences. See below a list of our division's most recent scholarly activities.

Books published

Debra L. Klamen, Ted R. Clark, Christopher M. McDowell.  Resident Readiness Emergency Medicine, McGraw Hill Education.  May 2014.  ISBN:  9780071780391

Book chapters published




Peer-reviewed Manuscript Publications

Pillow, M. T., Hopson, L., Bond, M., Cabrera, D., Patterson, L., Pearson, D., … Takenaka, K. (2013). Social Media Guidelines and Best Practices - Recommendations from the Council of Residency Directors (CORD) Social Media Taskforce. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine. Retrieved from eScholarship

Reed, L., Carroll, J., Cummings, A., Markwell, S., Wall, J., & Duong, M. (2013). Serum lactate as a screening tool and predictor of outcome in pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected infection. Pediatric emergency care, 29(7), 787–91. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e318298389d click here

Cianciolo, A. T., & Kegg, J. A. (2013). Behavioral Specification of the Entrustment Process. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 5(1), 10–12. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-12-00158.1 click here

Clark, T. R., Brizendine, E. J., Milbrandt, J. C., & Rodgers, K. G. (2013). Impact of an Anesthesiology Rotation on Subsequent Endotracheal Intubation Success. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 5(1), 70–73. doi:10.4300/JGME-D-11-00268.1 click here

McDowell, C. M., Roberts, N. K., Sutyak, J., Griffen, D., Wall, J., Schwind, C., & Williams, R. G. (2012). 29 Be SMARTT About Trauma: An Interdisciplinary Educational Approach to Improving Teamwork in the Trauma Bay. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 60(5), S172–S173. click here

Ito, T. E., Hasnie, R., Crosby, D. L., Milbrandt, J. C., Ettema, S., & Duong, M. (2012). Gastric volvulus complication in an infant with undiagnosed congenital diaphragmatic hernia presenting with acute respiratory distress. Pediatric emergency care, 28(10), 1078–80. doi:10.1097/PEC.0b013e31826cedaf click here

Meier, A. H., Boehler, M. L., McDowell, C. M., Schwind, C., Markwell, S., Roberts, N. K., & Sanfey, H. (2012). A surgical simulation curriculum for senior medical students based on TeamSTEPPS. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960), 147(8), 761–6. doi:10.1001/archsurg.2012.1340 click here

Griffen, D., Callahan, C. D., Markwell, S., de la Cruz, J., Milbrandt, J. C., & Harvey, T. (2012). Application of statistical process control to physician-specific emergency department patient satisfaction scores: a novel use of the funnel plot. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, 19(3), 348–55. doi:10.1111/j.1553-2712.2012.01304.x click here

Traynor, O., Sanfey, H., McDowell, C., Meier, A. H., & Dunnington, G. L. (2011). Team training for surgical trainees. The Surgeon, 9, S32–S34. Retrieved from Science Direct

Duong, M., Markwell, S., Peter, J., & Barenkamp, S. (2010). Randomized, controlled trial of antibiotics in the management of community-acquired skin abscesses in the pediatric patient. Annals of emergency medicine, 55(5), 401–7. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2009.03.014 click here

Kovach, R. A., Griffen, D. L., & Francis, M. L. (2010). Evaluating Emergency Medicine Faculty at End-of-Shift. The western journal of emergency medicine, 11(5), 486–90.
Retrieved from PubMed

In-Press Manuscript Publications

dela Cruz, J., Sullivan, D., Varboncouer, E., Burdette, S., O’Keefe, D., Milbrandt, J., Duong, M., Scaife, S., Griffen, D., Saleh, K..  "A Comparison of Procedural Sedation for the Reduction of Dislocated Total Hip Arthroplasty", Western Journal of Emergency Medicine.

Roberts, N. K., Williams, R. G., Schwind, C. J., Sutyak, J. A., McDowell, C., Griffen, D., Wall, J., Sanfey, H., Chestnut, A., Meier, A. H., Wohltmann, C., Clark, T.R., Wetter, N., The impact of brief team communication, leadership and team behavior training on ad hoc team performance in trauma care settings, The American Journal of Surgery (2013), doi: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2013.06.016.

Oral Presentation

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