Intracerebral hemorrhage; non-traumatic:
Non-traumatic Intracerebral hemorrhage is bleeding in the brain caused by a rupture or leak of a blood vessel within the head. This causes:
- Increased pressure within the skull
- Rapid destruction of tissue
- The result is a loss or impairment of the body functions controlled by the affected part of the brain.
Common cause of intracerebral hemorrhage
- Intracerebral hemorrhage is often caused by damage to blood vessel walls from high blood pressure. This results in a hemorrhagic stroke. Other causes include:
- Ruptured aneurysm
- Arteriovenous malformation
- Head trauma
Treatment for intracerebral hemorrhage depends on:
- The location, extent, and duration of bleeding
- The general condition of the person
- A Craniotomy or a craniectomy may be performed.
- Insertion of an External Ventricular device may be a possibility if the ventricles of the brain are involved.
- An EVD is: the temporary drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the lateral ventricles of the brain into an external collection bag. An EVD system drains CSF by using a combination of gravity and intercerebral pressure. The drainage rate depends on the height at which the EVD system is placed relative to the patient’s anatomy.
- Purpose of EVD
- Relieve elevated intracranial pressure (ICP)
- Drain infected CSF
- Drain bloody CSF or blood after surgery or hemorrhage
- Monitor the flow rate of CSF