Kyphosis is a spinal deformity characterized by a rounding of the back. While some rounding of the back is normal, kyphosis refers to exaggerated rounding of more than 50 degrees. This condition is also referred to as round back or hunchback. Patients may develop kyphosis as a result of developmental problems, bad posture, osteoporosis, spinal trauma, spinal fracture, or arthritis. Kyphosis can affect both children and adults and can start at any age.
Surgery is reserved for severe cases of kyphosis. Surgeons will straighten the spine by fusing the backbones (vertebrae) together. This is done using a metal rod inserted into the spine to straighten it.