SIU Division of Orthopaedic Surgery 
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Fax: 217-545-2536
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SIU Shoulder and Sports orthopedic care

SIU School of Medicine - Shoulder conditions

At Southern Illinois University we believe in early detection as a key to managing shoulder injuries and pain.  We utilize up to date technology combined with a hands on approach to carefully diagnose each patient.  We understand that all our patients are individuals, and we believe in a treatment plan tailored to their individual needs.  Our goal is to get you back to your career, your sport and your life as quickly as possible.  Below are a list of common causes of shoulder injuries and pain. 

Rotator Cuff Injury (Rotator Cuff Tear)

A rotator cuff injury occurs when one of the small tendons around your shoulder joint sustains a tear.  This can happen suddenly with an injury or gradually overtime without a clear injury.  Common symptoms include pain with motion, feelings of weakness of the shoulder and pain at night.  Someone experiencing one or more of these symptoms should be evaluated.  Not all tears require surgery, and many rotator cuff tears can be treated without surgery utilizing physical therapy and careful observation.  For individuals who need surgery, minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery* is often an option and most people can go home from surgery the same day.

Osteoarthritis (Shoulder Arthritis)

Osteoarthritis refers to a loss of cartilage at the end of bones, known as articular cartilage. Symptoms of shoulder arthritis include pain with motion of the shoulder, and this pain often gets worse over time.  This pain can greatly impact a person’s life and the ability to use their arm.  Arthritis of the shoulder can also be associated with tearing of the rotator cuff as well.  People who have arthritis of the shoulder should be carefully evaluated.  Often times, shoulder arthritis can be managed without surgery.  When surgery is necessary, the surgeons at SIU offer all modern and up to date shoulder replacement options*.

Shoulder Instability (Shoulder Dislocation)

An unstable shoulder joint (shoulder dislocation) can be the result of an injury or from joint laxity.  A thorough evaluation and assessment of a person who has experienced one or more shoulder dislocations is critical for an appropriate treatment plan.  Depending on the extent of the injury and number of times the shoulder has dislocated, the individual may be managed with or without surgery.  Shoulder dislocations often occur with sports, and we make it a priority to ensure a safe and efficient return for all athletes.  For individuals who need surgery, minimally invasive arthroscopic surgery* is often an option and most people can go home from surgery the same day.

Bursitis and Tendinitis

The rotator cuff tendons, the biceps tendon and the bursa around the shoulder can become inflamed.  Patients with rotator cuff tendinitis, biceps tendinitis and/or shoulder bursitis often experience pain with motion, and this pain can often limit daily activity.  Proper diagnosis is necessary to ensure no other significant injury or problem is present.  Rotator cuff tendinitis, biceps tendinitis and bursitis are most often treated skillfully without surgery.

Acromioclavicular Sprain (Shoulder Separation)

A shoulder separation occurs when the end of the clavicle becomes dislocated from its joint with the acromion.  A shoulder separation often occurs with an injury, and this is very different from a shoulder dislocation.  Proper diagnosis and evaluation are necessary, and many people are able to recover without a surgical procedure.

Arthroscopic Surgery, Joint Replacement Surgery and Fracture Care

*The surgeons at SIU Shoulder & Sports Medicine are experts in minimally invasive surgical techniques including arthroscopic surgery as well as joint replacement surgery (total joint arthroplasty) and fracture care of the shoulder, knee, hip and elbow. Combining up to date equipment and the most modern surgical techniques, our surgeons are able to provide patients with excellent outcomes with minimal tissue damage, decreased pain and earlier return to function.


Image to video link of Paul Cagle,Jr.,MD      

Shoulder Pain Q&A

Paul Cagle,Jr.,MD