SIU Division of Orthopaedic Surgery 
Phone: 217-545-8000
Fax: 217-545-2536
Make an Appointment

Shoulder Conditions and Treatments

SIU School of Medicine - Shoulder conditionsEarly detection is the key to managing shoulder injuries.  Often, an exercise aim at strengthening shoulder muscles is prescribed.  Anti-inflammatory medication may also help to reduce pain and swelling. 

If the athlete has failed non-operative treatment, arthroscopic shoulder surgery may be needed to repair ligaments, tendons and cartilage.

Rotator Cuff Injury

The incidence of rotator cuff damage increases with age and is most frequently due to degeneration of the major tendon of the shoulder.  Treatment varies from rehabilitation to surgical repair of the rotator cuff.  The best treatment method is determined based on the individual’s severity of symptoms and functional requirements.

Acromioclavicular Sprain

A sprain to the acromioclavicular (AC) joins is commonly called a shoulder separation.  This occurs when the collarbone or clavicle separates from the acromion bone.  Treatment ranges from conservative rehabilitation to surgery in severe cases.

Shoulder Instability

An unstable shoulder joint is often caused by laxity of the ligaments that provide stability for the shoulder joint.  This can cause pain and dysfunction.

Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement is characterized by a pinching feeling when raising the arm.  This is often caused by a narrowing of the space under the collarbone or bone spurs of the acromion bone.


This refers to a loss of cartilage at the end of bones, known as articular cartilage.  This leaves bones exposed and without protection, causing pain.

Shoulder Treatments

Arthroscopic Surgery

The surgeons at SIU Shoulder & Sports Medicine are experts in minimally invasive surgical techniques including arthroscopic surgery of the shoulder, knee, hip and elbow.  Combining state-of-the-art equipment and the most modern surgical techniques, our surgeons are able to provide patients with excellent outcomes with minimal tissue damage, decreased pain and earlier return to function.