A deforming birth defect has a devastating psychological impact upon the child's parents, and it has the potential for lifelong impact upon the physical, psychological and socioeconomic well being of the child. Plastic surgery can improve or correct many of these birth defects. Because timing of surgery is often an important factor in improving the prospect for a successful outcome, early consultation should be sought with a plastic surgeon.
The primary care physician and the plastic surgeon work closely together in designing the most effective treatment plan for the affected child. Commonly, they work in the context of a multidisciplinary team. The family physician and pediatrician may work together with the surgeon to help the parents deal rationally with treatment options. The physicians also may counsel the parents regarding the emotional, psychological and financial resources that may be strained by treatment that sometimes requires many months or years to complete.
Congenital Hand Anomalies
A congenital condition is one that a child is born with. Congenital hand deformities occur in several different ways and have different causes. Some deformities can be inherited and others are caused by developmental abnormalities while the baby is still in the womb. The congenital hand deformities treated at SIU Institute for Plastic Surgery include extra fingers, webbed fingers, missing fingers, abnormal thumbs, trigger thumb
Congenital hand deformities are easily spotted at birth. Depending on the type and severity of the deformity the child may undergo additional testing to determine if the hand deformity is part of an underlying medical issue.
The goal of treatment at the Institute for Plastic Surgery is to maximize function and help children lead as normal a life as possible. Treatment will depend on the type of hand deformity and the severity of the condition. Treatments available include:
- Separation and reconstruction of attached digits.
- Removal of extra fingers.
- Surgery to optimize a limb for a prosthetic
- Custom prosthetic devices
- Physical and occupational therapy