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Bladder Cancer

How common is bladder cancer?

The 2017 estimates for bladder cancer are 79,030 new cases diagnosed, and about 16,870 deaths due to bladder cancer. The majority of cases are in people over the age of 55, with 73 being the average age of diagnosis.

 

What are the risks factors for bladder cancer?

  • Smoking
  • Industrial chemicals
  • White race
  • Age, especially over the age of 55
  • Male gender
  • Chronic bladder irritations or infections

 

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

  • The vast majority of patients present with painless, bloody urine
  • Other symptoms include painful urination, urgency, or increase in frequency
  • pelvic or flank pain

 

 How do you diagnose bladder cancer?

  • Analyzing urine for blood and cancer cells
  • Cystoscopy - the patient, while under general anesthesia, has their bladder examined by a camera under the control of a urologist. The camera is able to directly see the bladder wall, and look for any abnormalities that may be present.
  • CT scan, other imaging studies

 

How do you manage bladder cancer?

After a diagnosis of bladder cancer is made, a management plan is formed after a discussion between the patient and a urologist. Options for management include: surgery (removal of the bladder), intravesical therapy (direct application of the chemotherapy drug), chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

 

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