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Kidney Cancer

How common is kidney cancer?

The 2017 estimates for kidney cancer are about 63,990 cases diagnosed, with a lifetime risk of developing the disease being 1 in 63.  The 2017 death estimate is about 14,400 deaths.


What are the risks for kidney cancer?

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Chemical/workplace exposure
  • Genetics
  • Male gender
  • African American Race


What are the symptoms of kidney cancer?

The majority of cases are detected incidentally, while being worked up for other problems. If allowed to become more advanced, more symptoms can be seen.

Symptoms include:

  • flank pain
  • hematuria (bloody urine)
  • flank mass
  • weight loss, fever, night sweats


How do you diagnose kidney cancer?

  • Analyzing urine for blood
  • Imaging-mostly by CT scan.


How do you manage kidney cancer?

After a diagnosis is made, there are a number of different treatment options, with proper management being decided on after a discussion between the patient and urologist about their care. Options include surgery, active surveillance, and systemic medical therapy.