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Testicular Cancer

How common is testicular cancer?

The 2017 estimates for testicular cancer are 8,850 new cases diagnosed, with men having a 1 in 263 lifetime chance of getting testicular cancer. The estimates for death from testicular cancer are 410 patients. Because the treatment is so successful, the chance of dying is only about 1 in 5000.


What are the risk factors for testicular cancer?

The risk factors for testicular cancer include

  • History of undescended testicle
  • Family history
  • Age, with the majority occurring between ages 20-34
  • White race


What are the symptoms of testicular cancer

Symptoms of the disease include

  • Painless mass or swelling of the testicle
  • If advanced disease, may present with back pain, abdominal mass, or lymph node swelling
  • If spread to the lung, may have cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, or coughing up blood
  • Breast swelling


How do you diagnose testicular cancer?

Diagnosis is done through:

  • Physical exam, checking for swelling or masses in the testicle
  • Imaging studies, such as ultrasound, or other imaging.
  • Tumor markers


How do you manage testicular cancer?

Management of testicular cancer is decided on after discussion with a urologist.  It has one of the best cure rates, and is very successful. Treatment options include active surveillance, surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.