The mucosa of the cervix includes a transition from stratified squamous epithelium on the ectocervix to columnar secretory epithelium on the endocervix. In the transitional zone, squamous metaplasia may occlude secretory crypts, leading to the formation of Nabothian cysts.
For a close-up of ectocervical epithelium, see WebPath, normal cervix and WebPath, cervical dysplasia.
The stroma includes many blood vessels and nerves as well as fibroelastic tissue interwoven with smooth muscle.
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Last updated: 4 April 2002 / dgk