Surgical Treatments for Joint Pain
Arthroscopy (also called arthroscopic surgery or a “joint scope procedure”) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure involving the insertion of an arthroscope through a small incision. The procedure is used to determine the amount of damage to a joint, and can be used to remove torn cartilage, or reconstruct torn ligaments. The procedure is minimally invasive, and therefore has a much shorter recovery time than more invasive procedures. Arthroscopic procedures are generally out-patient, same-day surgical procedures.
Arthroplasty (also called “joint replacement”) is a surgical procedure to restore the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by resurfacing the bones. An artificial joint (called a prosthesis) may also be used. Patients often refer to arthroscopy by the joint affected, such as a hip or knee replacement surgery.
Various types of arthritis may affect the joints. Osteoarthritis, or degenerative joint disease, is a loss of the cartilage or cushion in a joint, and is the most common reason for arthroplasty. When this occurs, the patient may hear crackling noises or experience pain from one bone rubbing directly on the other bone when they use the affected joint.
Arthroscopy may be used to remove the torn cartilage, but Arthroplasty would be required to resurface the affected bones or replace the joint with a prosthetic one. At SIU Orthopaedics, our surgeons specialize in both Arthroscopy and Arthroplasty procedures for hips, knees, elbows and shoulders. In addition, in the event an artificial joint fails or needs replaced, our surgeons have the expertise to perform the reconstructive procedures necessary to get the patient back on his or her feet. Your surgeon will discuss with you the best options for treating your joint pain.
For an appointment to evaluate the integrity and function of your painful joint, call SIU Orthopaedics at 217-545-8000.
Hip and Knee Arthritis: What Every Patient Needs to Know